Numerous middle class was represented periekami (local residents), who inhabited the land less fertile valley of the Eurotas; they cultivated them for himself and, besides, engaged in crafts and trade. Perieki were obliged to serve in the army and recruited there in large numbers. For the first time, they served as lightly and rowers, and later, when the number of the Spartans fell, and as heavily armed (hoplites).
The number of the Spartans after the conquest of Messenia and distribution in it, as in Lacedaemon, land has reached 9,000 people, later it also greatly reduced: in 500 BC. e. their army consisted of 12 suckers for 500 people each, for a total of 6,000 people. For the fleet of Sparta showed little interest, so the number of ships was not great; military port was on Giteyone Lacaune in the Gulf. Their army was considered the best and provided the Sparta first place not only in the Peloponnese, but also in the whole of Greece.
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