To land, the possession of which gave political advantages, could not go into the hands of a few rich, Solon limited beyond a sole proprietorship and it ensured the preservation of numerous class of peasants, who were reliable support healthy state.
The supreme authority still remained nine archons, elected annually from among the first-class citizens for a year; their rights have been somewhat limited. Efety formed an independent panel of judges, chaired the second archon.
Overall supervision of all public life was entrusted to the Areopagus, is a criminal court, and at the same time the highest police authority for the protection of religion and good morals, that is, as it were, became the conscience of the state. Areopagus was not only because of the Archons, selected at this time, but from all previous Archons, flawlessly perform their duties. In other words, its members were extremely respectable and rich, choose life. He was the natural guardian of conservative interests.
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