The newly started internal strife, which Solon could not cope on his return. In 560 BC. e. he had to endure capture the Athenian Acropolis and the proclamation of autocracy eupatrides Pisistratus, operands poor mountaineers who inhabited the north-east Attica. Despite the double exile (... 556 and 549 BCE), Pisistrat newly attained power and continued to act in the interests of the city, with his wise moderation; only Alcmaeonidae he completely expelled from Attica.
After the death of Pisistratus in 527 BC. e. his place was freely employed his son Hippias, continued to rule in the spirit of his father. Produced in 514 BC. e. attempt, the victim of which, instead of Hippias fell by mistake his brother Hipparchus, Hippias embittered and he concluded an alliance with the kings of Persia and Macedon, defeated in 510 BC. e. Spartans Alcmaeonidae-supported. The last to win amfiktoniyu and influential Delphic oracle that was restored at his own expense accidentally burned down the temple of Apollo at Delphi. Spartans possessed hegemony then, through the oracle, sought to restore Athens to an aristocratic form of government similar to their own, and made every effort to destroy tyranny and overthrow of the tyrant Hippias. Their first expedition against Athens failed. The second campaign was a success, and Hippias was besieged in the acropolis. Once in the hands of his enemies were his children, who were removed them for the sake of their safety from Athens, he agreed to all the conditions proposed by him, left the country and moved to Sigeum (near ancient Troy), a precaution he had conquered much earlier, based on the a similar outcome. Since that time, all his dreams and thoughts were directed toward to regain its former position in Athens with someone else help.
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