The laws of Cleisthenes, who gave all citizens equal rights, freedom of speech and voice in the decisions of public affairs and open the way for all the capable people, greatly raised the national consciousness and love of country. The growth of the power of Athens contributed also other circumstances. In 509 BC. e. Plateia city separated from the Boeotian alliance and sided with Athens, making the territory of Athens grew to the river Asopus. Sparta, as the bearer of the Greek hegemony, found itself forced to declare war on the democratic Athens and Klisfenu again. The first attempt in this direction failed, and Cleisthenes, went into exile, returned to Athens. In 507 BC. e. Spartan kings Cleomenes and Demaratus the troops of the Peloponnesian alliance, based on the union of Thebes and Chalcis (in Euboea island) headed to Athens for their final conquest. Disagreements commanders of the Peloponnesian troops led to the fact that last about Eleusis were divided, and the Athenians defeated the first Thebans, and then Chalcidians. The latter were forced to give the winners a significant part of its territory, where and moved 4,000 Athenian citizens. Last idea Spartans - do caused of Sigeuma tyrant Hippias in Athens - failed because the Allies refused to support this venture, which went contrary to the policy of the Spartans, and contrary to the Greek spirit. Thus, in 500 BC. e. Athens reached its greatest inner strength. Only in the sea fight with the island of Aegina, with a strong fleet, Athens was powerless because not promptly formed their own strong fleet.
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