In the VIII and VII centuries. BC. e. there were major economic changes caused by navigation and trade, which had a great influence on the life of Athens. The development of Greek shipping is very favorable geographical location and climatic conditions of Greece: it is an abundance of islands, deep bays, a large number of enclosed bays and harbors, good weather from spring to autumn, following the summer northern winds, often fresh day, but dies down in the evening, and the right breezes and favorable for navigation transparency of the air. High islands in the Aegean Sea, on the way from Greece to Asia Minor, gives the ability to easily define their place, because all the time the shore will not be lost sight of. Greeks have long been engaged in shipping, although in very small amounts, have adopted the art of shipbuilding and navigation from the Phoenicians. With their abilities they will soon catch up with their teachers, but still inferior to the latest in the art of shipbuilding, and courage; they rarely go beyond the Pillars of Hercules, and, by their own admission, the Phoenicians were the first place in all matters concerning maritime affairs.
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